How to handle your dog

Teach your dog to feel confident being handled and help them cope well throughout their life.

owner sitting on armchair with dog on their lap

We might not think much about handling our dogs to restrain, groom or medicate them, but they may find it scary, confusing or exciting. 

You can help your dog by introducing them to handling in a gradual and positive way. Teaching your dog to feel relaxed and confident with all different types of handling will give them the best chance of coping well throughout their life. 
 

Comfort and safety 

When introducing handling, it’s important to recognise the signs that your dog may be feeling uncomfortable and to respond appropriately. Take a look at our guide to understanding your dog’s body language.  

If a dog is relaxed and confident being handled, they will choose to remain with you while you hold and look at different parts of their body. There should be no tension within their face or body, and they should be happy to cooperate with you. 

If you notice any signs that your dog is becoming uncomfortable about how you are handling them, then stop. 

My dog’s not happy being handled, what should I do? 

If your dog has an established fear of handling or shows signs of aggression, speak to your vet. If they are in pain, they are more likely to show fear and respond aggressively to be handled. So it’s important to check if they have a health issue. If they’re well but still not happy to be handled, your vet will be able to refer you to an accredited behaviourist for individual support. 

Finding behaviour and training support

Need help with your dog? Find out the difference between a trainer and behaviourist so you know who to approach.

Tips for happy handling

1
Gently stroke your dog

Start by gently stroking your dog on a part of their body where they’re used to being touched and where you know they enjoy it – this will be different for every dog. 

2
Touch other parts of their body

Then you can move on to briefly touching other parts of their body. You could introduce a verbal cue such as “let me see” before you handle your dog, so they can learn what to expect. 
 

3
Reward them

Give your dog a tasty treat just after you have touched a part of their body. Touch their side, remove your hand, give them a treat, and then repeat.

But remember that some areas are more sensitive than others. Your dog will soon learn that being touched means …

4
Build up time

You can then start to build up the time that you handle each body part. 

Keep your handling gentle and relaxed. Handle each part of your dog’s body by moving it as naturally as possible, and go at their pace. 

Always examine your dog’s body in the same order. They will know exactly what to expect which will give them confidence. 

Introduce new locations. When you’re able to handle different parts of your dog’s body, you can start to practise in different locations. Start by varying the places your practice inside your home, then progress to different quiet locations outside. It’s important that your dog feels confident being handled outside the comfort of their own home. When you do this, you will need to go back to the beginning to start building their confidence again.  

Introduce new people. It’s useful for other people to be able to handle your dog too, and build up to this in the same gradual way. Go back to the beginning and start with a gentle fuss in a place your dog enjoys being touched, and always reward them with treats. Give the person clear instructions on how to touch your dog, exactly where and for how long.  

Veterinary handling at home

Teaching your dog that being examined is okay and will help them to have happier vet visits. The more preparation you can do in advance, the better.

To help your dog feel more comfortable at the vet clinic with certain examinations, take a look our useful advice and guidance below.  

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Grooming equipment

You might want to introduce grooming equipment to your dog. This is a good idea if they have long hair or a curly coat. Make sure you are using equipment that is best suited to your dog’s coat type. Starting with a very gentle, soft brush can be useful. 

Start by placing the brush onto your dog’s body for a moment, then removing it and giving them a treat. Continue with the step-by-step process as slowly as you did when introducing your handling. If your dog shows any signs of worry, then stop and give them a break. Go back to a stage at which they were relaxed and progress more slowly. 

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